Indonesian Journal of Learning Education and Counseling <div class="description"> <p><strong>Indonesian Journal of Learning Education and Counseling (</strong>IJoLEC<strong>)</strong> is an open access journal that managed by the peer review process, having ISSN: <a href=";1529843752&amp;1&amp;&amp;">2622-8068 </a>(Print) and ISSN: <a href=";1529843954&amp;1&amp;&amp;">2622-8076</a> (Online). This journal invites scientists, practitioners around the world to exchange and disseminate theoretical topics and practices aimed at the advancement and development of field science (1) Learning education, (2) Educational technology and (3) Counseling. Articles sent in the form of Doc format (Using Microsoft Word) and in Indonesian or English, for the initial review phase by the editor and further peer review by a minimum of two reviews according to their area of expertise.</p> <p><strong>Indonesian Journal of Learning Education and Counseling</strong> has a prefixes DOI: <a href="">10.31960 </a>. IJoLEC is published twice a year by the ILIN Institute with a field of study (1) <strong>Education in Learning</strong>: Primary Education, Learning Models, Curriculum, Learning Innovation, Vocational Education, (2) <strong>Educational Technology</strong>: Learning Technology, Learning Media, Virtual Education , Educational software, digital technology in education, Multimedia Learning, E-Learning (3) <strong>Counseling</strong>: Educational Psychology, Guidance and Counseling, IT in BK, BK Media, Counseling Techniques, Family Counseling .</p> <p><strong>Indonesian Journal of Learning Education and Counseling</strong> Receives Articles in Indonesian and English by following the <a href=""><strong>writing guidelines</strong></a> and article <strong><a href="">template</a></strong>. Submitted online on the IJoLEC journal website by first registering the author, and IJoLEC published with open access status or open to readers, and researchers. So that this article can be downloaded for free.</p> </div> ILIN Institute Makassar en-US Indonesian Journal of Learning Education and Counseling 2622-8068 <div class="page"> <p><strong>The Journal Will Accept Article from author provided that:</strong></p> <ol> <li>The article has never been published in another place as evidenced by the publication statement sent along with the article.</li> <li>The article will display license information in the article</li> <li>Articles sent will be published with open access where the author can read, download, print, search and share like the original link</li> </ol> <p><strong>Copyright</strong><br>Indonesian Journal of Learning Education and Counseling has chosen to apply the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published</p> <p>&nbsp;The author retains the copyright and entitles the first publication journal to the work which is simultaneously licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. (CC BY-NC 4.0) which allows other people to copy and redistribute this material in form or format, change, and make derivatives of this research<br> <br>Authors and copyright holders give all users the freedom to access throughout the world and do not cancel the right to access, and licenses to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display public works and distribute derivative works, in any digital media for any purpose responsible, subject to the appropriate author, and the right to make a number of printed copies for their personal use.<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>The author must include the appropriate name, include a link to the license, and state that there have been changes made.</p> <p>The author can do this in an appropriate manner, but does not indicate that the licensor supports you or your use. The author cannot use articles for commercial purposes.</p> <p>The full version of the work and all additional material, including copies of permits as stated above, are provided in the appropriate electronic format then stored after the first publication, at least one online repository supported by institutional institutions, scientific organizations, government institutions, or other established organizations which seeks to allow open access, unlimited distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving</p> </div> Peran Orang Tua Dalam Meningkatkan Kecerdasan Spiritual Anak Usia Dini <p><em>Spiritual intelligence is someone's intelligence in giving meaning. Spiritual intelligence is more important than emotional intelligence and intellectual intelligence. Because spiritual intelligence is a driving force for other intelligences. Therefore, this intelligence must be increased so that it can develop and can be a driving force for other intelligences. To improve spiritual intelligence, it should start as early as possible even since the child is still in the womb, this intelligence has begun to be planted. In this case, of course, the roles and skills of parents determine the process of improving children's spiritual intelligence. Because parents are the first educators for children. This study uses the library research method. The purpose of this study was to find out how the roles and steps of parents in improving children's spiritual intelligence and what factors are supporting in increasing children's spiritual intelligence. The results of this study indicate that in an effort to improve children's spiritual intelligence, parents are the main role. Both his role as an educator, as a role model, as a motivator and as a giver of love. Because in the process there are many obstacles and factors that affect children's spiritual intelligence.</em></p> Nur Hotimah Yanto Yanto ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-12 2019-02-12 1 2 85 93 10.31960/ijolec.v1i2.66 Assertive Training Untuk Mengurangi Kecenderungan Pergaulan Bebas <p>Penelitian ini mengkaji tentang penggunaan <em>assertive training, </em>pergaulan bebas siswa sebelum dan sesudah diberikan <em>assertive training</em>, dan pengaruh <em>assertive training</em> untuk mengurangi pergaulan bebas siswa. Pendekatan penelitian yang digunakan adalah kuantitatif dengan jenis <em>eksperiment</em>. Desain penelitian menggunakan <em>pretest –posttest</em> <em>control group</em> <em>design</em>. Populasi penelitian sebanyak 75 siswa dengan mengambil sampel 28 orang siswa. Teknik penarikan sampel adalah <em>simple random sampling. </em>Instrument yang digunakan adalah bahan perlakuan berupa scenario <em>assertive training</em> dan angket pergaulan bebas. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan penerapan teknik&nbsp;&nbsp; <em>assertive&nbsp; training</em> yang dilaksanakan selama&nbsp; delapan kali pertemuan menunjukkan kecenderungan pergaulan bebas pada siswa cenderung menurun dan ada perbedaan yang signifikan antara siswa yang diberikan <em>Assertive Training</em> dengan siswa yang diberikan layanan BK oleh konselor sekolah lainnya untuk mencegah kecenderungan pergaulan bebas. Kesimpulan setelah pelaksanaan teknik <em>assertive training, </em>yaitu kecenderungan pergaulan bebas pada siswa yang diberikan pelatihan <em>assertive </em>cenderung menurun dibandingkan dengan siswa yang diberikan layanan BK oleh konselor sekolah lainnya, artinya semakin diberi <em>Assertive Training&nbsp; </em>maka kecenderungan pergaulan bebas juga menurun<em>.</em> Dari hasil penelitian maka, disarankan pada&nbsp; konselor sekolah dapat menggunakan latihan asertif dalam menangani masalah-masalah yang dialami oleh siswa secara terprogram&nbsp; dan bekerjasama dengan pihak-pihak yang terkait.</p> Hasbahuddin Hasbahuddin Aztri Fithrayani Muhammad Ilham Bakhtiar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-11 2019-02-11 1 2 94 101 10.31960/ijolec.v1i2.60 "You're fat and not normal!" From Body Image to Decision of Suicide <p><em>Bullying has become a highlighted problem in recent years by observers (or researchers) about education, counseling, psychology, and the development of children and adolescents. One of the things that attracts attention is bullying with the theme of form and weight. Physical differences in the body, especially in obese people, are followed by stigma and negative justification. Internalization of stigma and justification leads to cases of oppression, in some cases, even suicide decisions. The author tries to find a network of theoretical and conceptual relationships between body image, diet, bullying, the role of the media, depression, to the decision to commit suicide from various sources and the results of previous studies. In the end, it seems that the habit of mocking and humiliating someone who is overweight, which we often face every day and is considered normal, can be a more serious problem. Being slim and fat is an option, but setting it as a normal standard can bring stereotypical havoc.</em></p> Lailatul Fitriyah Tristan Rokhmawan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-12 2019-02-12 1 2 102 118 10.31960/ijolec.v1i2.75 English Teacher Obstacle on Implementing the 2013 Curriculum <p><strong><em>Abstract. </em></strong>This study aim is to explain how to implement the 2013 curriculum to teach English and describe English teacher obstacle on the curriculum implementation. The research method is a library study. The research finding shows that the English teachers are not able to apply 2013 curriculum well in the class. They get confused to use it in teaching and learning process, they are not able to apply the scientific approach in teaching and learning process well too. It because the teacher has a lack of knowledge about the 2013 curriculum itself and the scientific approach is a new approach in teaching and learning English. So, the implementation of the 2013 curriculum is not maximum especially in applying the scientific approach to the class. In analyzing the data, the writer uses content analyzes technique. Therefore, the English teacher has to learn and work hard to handle the obstacle in implementing the 2013 curriculum well like the following more socialization, more workshops of 2013 curriculum and also need support from the stakeholders like government, the Ministry of Education and Culture, Headmaster, and so on in realizing 2013 curriculum.</p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: <em>Implementing, 2013 curriculum, English teacher</em><em>.</em></p> Martina Napratilora Nova Adi Kurniawan Seri Yanti Siagian ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-12 2019-02-12 1 2 119 123 10.31960/ijolec.v1i2.91 The Implementation of Multimedia on Physics Learning Based on Direct Instruction Model in The Topic of Light <p><em>Student physics learning activities have been successfully analyzed through the direct instruction model using multimedia. This study aims to determine the activities and learning outcomes of students using multimedia. The type of this research is action classroom research and subjects are 33 students of eighth-grade Junior High School 5 Kendari. The results of the analysis show that the direct instruction model using multimedia in physics learning is very suitable for use in the learning process. This can be seen of the learning process among cycle 1 and cycle 2 averaging standards with good categories. It means that the learning outcomes could be improved by using multimedia. This is indicated by the score of students who have increase from cycle I to cycle II. The average score of learning outcomes in the first cycle is 63.73 with a percentage of 54.54%. While the average learning outcomes of the second cycle increased to 73.19 with a&nbsp; percentage of 78.78%.</em></p> Suritno Fayanto Misrawati Misrawati Dwi Sulisworo Hanin Fathan Nurfina Istiqomah Luh Sukariasih ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-12 2019-02-12 1 2 124 132 10.31960/ijolec.v1i2.94 Theoretical And Empirical Studies Of The Use Of Problem Base Learning In The Technical And Vocational Education And Training (TVET) In The Context Of The XXI Century <p><em>The research aims to find out: (1) how far PBL has been used as a learning model in the vocational environment; and (2) how far is the influence of PBL on learning outcomes? The study was conducted with literature studies through theoretical and empirical studies of references and relevant research results, and continued with focus group discussions (FGD). The relevant references include learning theories, and theories about problem base learning (PBL). While the study of the results of relevant research, is a study of studies on the influence of PBL on "learning out comes" in vocational high school students as an integral part of technical, vocational, education and training (TVET). The study concluded that: (1) PBL has been widely used in learning in the vocational environment; (2) PBL is able to improve student learning achievement both process and results; and (3) the number of students who actively study, the number of students who ask questions, and student learning outcomes increase significantly on the application of PBL.</em></p> Supari Muslim Nita Kusumawati Euis Ismayati Erina Rahmadyanti Dhanu Lukmantoro ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-14 2019-02-14 1 2 133 143 10.31960/ijolec.v1i2.113 Efektivitas Teknik Progesive Muscle Relaxtation, Dengan Progesive Muscle Relaxtation Dan Dzikir Anfas Terhadap Kecemasan <p><em>This Study aoims to deremine the effect of PMR ( Progresive Muscle </em><em>Relaxtation) therapy, PMR (Progesive Muscle Relaxtation) and Anfas Remembrance to reduce PAPP Khodijah students' anxiety, and to find out the difference in PMR, PMR and Dzikir Anfas Therapy which is more effective than the two therapies reduce anxiety levels. The method used is by using the Quasi experimental research design pretest and post test with control group. With Progressive Muscle Relaxation therapy intervention with Progressive Muscle Relaxation and Anfas dhikr as a control group. Each group consisted of 5 participants, within one week the research was conducted at PAPP Khodijah. The results of the study obtained Based on the results of the Mann Whitney U test on the gain score changes in the value of anxiety the progressive group muscle relaxtation, PMR and Anfas Dhikr were Z = -623, P = 0.548 (P≥0.05). This explains that both PMR and PMR groups and Dzikir Anfaz did not have a significant difference.</em></p> Annas Annas Kabul Wibowo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-16 2019-02-16 1 2 144 150 10.31960/ijolec.v1i2.117 The Role of Rationality and Technological Change in Learning Process <p><em>My goal in examining the role of rationality and technological change in the learning process is to investigate knowledge, the use of technology, especially in the classroom and belief from lecturers in following the changes in learning. The problems in Indonesia are that lecturers have difficulty in adopting technology and indeed need improvement, and some lecturers are even weak in technological knowledge, development of knowledge, lecturer’s belief that the lecturer will never be able to change which will be complicated education on Indonesian campuses. The method used in this research is a quantitative method and is supported by a semi qualitative method using a Likert scale. Data collection was taken from 129 respondents who as lecturers spread throughout Indonesia from January 2018 to early May 2018; questionnaires were distributed using Google Form via email, Whatsapp, Facebook Messenger. The result of this study is that there is a relationship between rationality and technological change in the learning process. The author found small changes from several lecturers in using technology, even though technology became one of the tools in learning. Changes in the lecturers believe that they are difficult to adopt technology due to old age.</em></p> Harisa Mardiana Haris Kaisar Daniels ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-18 2019-02-18 1 2 151 159 10.31960/ijolec.v1i2.64 Penggunaan Kurikulum Serta Penanaman Nilai dan Spiritual Siswa <p><em>This study aims to describe the use of the curriculum in SMA N 1 Semanu as well as knowing the planting values ​​and spiritual students. The method used is a qualitative method with direct interviews with teachers for guidance and counseling. The results are that the curriculum used in SMA N 1 Semanu has two, namely for grades 10 and 11 using K13, while for class 12 uses KTSP. Cultivation of students' values ​​and spirituality in guidance and counseling was carried out with individual and classical guidance, while the material presented was related to motivation to learn, career, positive attitude of students, and build a generation of Muslims. In addition to the material presented also moral values, the impact of adolescent association, appearance and attitudes of women, and others delivered by subject teachers on Fridays specifically for female students. The value of nationalism is played by national songs. In other aspects, namely regarding the value of discipline, students are taught through extracurricular activities, namely scouts. </em></p> Atifah Hanum Annas Annas ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-21 2019-02-21 1 2 160 168 10.31960/ijolec.v1i2.84 Pengaruh Problem Based Learning Dan Motivasi Berprestasi Terhadap Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah <p><em>This study aims to examine students' problem solving abilities in mathematics with different achievement motivation between those taught through problem based learning and discussion. The design of this study uses quasi-experimental forms of Non-equivalent Control Group Design. The experimental group from this study was given PBL treatment, while the control group was treated with the discussion method. The data of this study were analyzed by the Univariate Analysis of Variance technique. The results showed that (1) there was a significant effect between PBL models and discussion models on students 'problem solving abilities, (2) there was a significant effect between students with high and low achievement motivation on students' problem solving abilities, (3) there were interactions between PBL models, achievement motivation and student problem solving abilities. So that it can be concluded that students who learn with the PBL model have a better ability to solve problems than students who learn with a discussion model. Students with high achievement motivation have better problem solving skills than students with low achievement motivation. The final conclusion is that students' problem solving abilities can be achieved well if they pay attention to both variables at once, namely the model and achievement motivation.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Miftahus Surur Tartilla Tartilla ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-04 2019-03-04 1 2 169 176 10.31960/ijolec.v1i2.96 Analisis Pemahaman Mahasiswa Terhadap Keterampilan Dasar Komunikasi Konseling Pada Mata Kuliah Mikro Konseling <p><em>This research aimed: (1) to find out and describe the level of students' understanding towards basic counseling communication skills in micro counseling course, and (2) to propose one of alternatives in the plan for implementing service, thus students can understand and master the basic skills of counseling communication. This research was descriptive quantitative or survey research. Method of collecting data used was test and conducted by giving questionnaires and interviews. The results showed that in measuring the basic skills of counseling communication, there were 30 subjects (97%) with good categories, 1 subject (3%) with sufficient categories. It can be explained that overall the basic skills of student counseling communication are good, only 1 subject who has sufficient skills.</em></p> Sitti Rahmi Suriata Suriata ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-12 2019-03-12 1 2 177 185 10.31960/ijolec.v1i2.72 Increased Competitiveness and Work readiness of Students Four Year Vocational High School (VHS) <p><em>This study aims to determine the level of achievement of the fourth year Vocational School education program towards increasing student competitiveness and work readiness. The main objective of the fourth year vocational program is to equip students and graduates with various competencies in order to develop graduates capabilities in finding jobs, assigning work, entrepreneurship, pursuing the work faced and renewing their work skills. This research was conducted through a literature review of references originating from the theories and results of relevant research, and continued through focus group discussions. Relevant references include the policies of the Government of the Republic of Indonesia, guidance on the implementation of the fourth year vocational program, relevant research results, namely evaluations of four years vocational programs, and influencing factors in increase in competitiveness and work readiness graduates. The study found: (1) reviewed from the curriculum of fourth years vocational school graduates having more work experience in the industry in the fourth year; (2) in terms of the competency of fourth year vocational school graduates having better competence than the third year vocational program; (3) in terms of industry interest, fourth year vocational graduates have more acceptance as labor in the industry than third year graduates.</em></p> Ahmad Fathoni Supari Muslim Erina Rahmadyanti Slamet Setiyono Nita Kusumawati Widi Aribowo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-12 2019-03-12 1 2 186 194 10.31960/ijolec.v1i2.114